Agriculture

Komenda Edina Eguafo Abrem (KEEA) Municipal’s agricultural sector is made of five (5) major sub-sectors: food crops, livestock, fisheries, cocoa and forestry. Though, the Department of Agriculture has overall responsibility for the growth of the sector, it is directly responsible for the development of crops and livestock value chains.

The goal of the Municipal Department of Agriculture is to create an environment for sustainable growth and development in the agricultural sector that would ensure food security, higher employment, reduction in poverty, creation of wealth and ensure greater contribution of the sector to the economy.

Key areas of focus for accelerated transformation of agriculture in the Municipality includes:

  • Improving crop and livestock productivity for accelerated job creation,
  • Enhancing competitiveness of the sector,
  • Support crop, livestock, poultry development and
  • Mitigating and adaptation of the effects of climate change on agriculture.

Mission

To develop, promote and sustain agriculture production for food security, employment creation and income generation through effective technical support, extension services, and agro-business whilst ensuring that gender and environmental issues are adequately addressed

Vision

A sustainable agricultural sector to support sustainable economic development and poverty reduction in the Municipality.

 

Functions/Services of the Department of Agriculture

In carrying out its mandate the Department undertakes a variety of functions including:

  1. Provision of extension services in the areas of natural resources management, and rural infrastructural and small scale irrigation in the Municipality;
  2. Assist in the formulation and implementation of agricultural policy for the Municipal Assembly within the framework of national policies;
  3. Submit report on the implementation of policies and programmes to the Municipal Assembly;
  4. Advise the Municipal Assembly on matters related to agricultural development in the district;
  5. Promote extension services to farmers;
  6. Assist and participate in on-farm adaptive research;
  7. Lead the collection of data for analysis on cost effective farming enterprises;
  8. Promote soil and water conservation measures by the appropriate agricultural technology;
  9. Disseminate and adopt improved soil and water conservation methods;
  10. Promote agro-forestry development to reduce the incidence of bush fires;
  11. Promote an effective and integrated water management;
  12. Assist and facilitate sustained pasture and forage production and act as out grower to farmers;
  13. Assist development of animal health services infrastructure;
  14. Facilitate the development, operation and maintenance of livestock water supplies;
  15. Assist in developing forage production, ranges and farmlands;
  16. Encourage improvement in livestock breeds;
  17. Assist in developing early warning systems on animals diseases;
  18. Facilitate and encourage vaccination and immunization of livestock and control of animal diseases;
  19. Promote agro-processing, packaging and storage;
  20. Assist in the development, rehabilitation and maintenance of small scale irrigation schemes.

Agricultural Sector in the KEEA Municipality

  • Covers crops, livestock and fish production.
  • Food Crops: maize, cassava, plantain, Sweetpotato and vegetables (okro, garden eggs, pepper and tomatoes)
  • Cash Crops: watermelon, pineapple, citrus, cocoa, oil palm, coconut and sugarcane.
  • Livestock: sheep, goats, cattle, poultry and pigs.
  • Fisheries sector: marine and inland (aquaculture)
  • Traditional farming is the most dominant in terms of number of people involved and geographical coverage.
  • Majority of farmers are small-scale farmers who need continuous assistance in capacity building to commercialize their production.
  • About 70% of rural households derive their livelihoods from agriculture.
  • The agricultural sector is dominated by small-scale farmers.
  • Technological advances have been made in the cassava and Sweetpotato production through the West Africa Agricultural Productivity Programme (WAAPP) where extension services have been revamped through training of Agricultural Extension Agents and establishment of demonstrations and multiplication farms for crop farmers

 

Major Projects and Activities

  1. West Africa Agricultural Productivity Programme (WAAPP)

The West Africa Agricultural Productivity Programme (WAAPP) is a 10-year adaptable programme lending of five years duration each. The second and final phase will end in 2017. The programme identified roots and tubers, livestock, rice, cereals among others as the commodities that make the greatest contribution to the country’s agricultural growth and inure to farmers’ benefits.

In order to achieve the objective of the WAAPP and thus, contribute to increasing agricultural production and productivity, it was imperative to undertake activities that will directly contribute to farming and farm families direct access to production and technologically proven technologies and inputs, which will directly increase farmers production base and increase their market access and boost their income levels.

The KEEA Municipality is one of the beneficiary Districts; and the Department of Agriculture is currently undertaking six (6) projects under WAAPP) Cassava Secondary Multiplication, Cassava Demonstration Sweet potato Demonstration, e-Extension Project, Greenhouse Farming and Small Ruminants Programme

  1. Cassava Multiplication

The WAAPP through the Directorate of Crop Services of the MoFA in collaboration with KEEA Municipal Department of Agriculture implemented the second and third tier multiplication system which involves secondary and tertiary distribution of improved and healthy planting materials.

Improved and healthy Planting materials of cassava varieties; Sika Bankye, Ampong, Broni Bankye and Otuhia were given to commercial planting material producers in the Municipality. The stakes were coppiced and distributed to 884 tertiary farmers to plant for food production and agro-based industries.

Cassava materials were distributed to 884 farmers in the Municipality in the year under review.

Beneficiary Communities of Cassava Tertiary Multiplication

No.

Community

Number of Beneficiary Farmers

Male

Female

Total

      1.             

Antado

145

163

163

      2.             

Mempeasem

69

80

80

      3.             

Abreshia

21

27

27

      4.             

Eguafo

109

142

142

      5.             

Birase

32

39

39

      6.             

Amissano

96

111

111

      7.             

Kuful

42

54

54

      8.             

Ayensudo

45

53

53

      9.             

Abakano

87

101

101

  10.             

Dominase

101

114

114

TOTAL

747

137

884

  1. Cassava Demonstration

The WAAPP through the Directorate of Agricultural Extension Services of the MoFA conducted Cassava Demonstration in the KEEA Municipality. The main objective was to encourage the adoption of improved technologies in cassava production. 

  1. Sweet potato Demonstration and Farmer Field School

An acreage of improved Sweet potato demonstration site was set up in each six (6) communities; Ayensudo, Dominase, Nkontrodo, Komenda, Antado and Eguafo in each year from 2014 to 2016. The purpose of the demonstration was to introduce farmers to new agricultural technologies and good agricultural practices in Sweetpotato production.

Six hundred and twenty-seven (627) farmers participated in the demonstrations and field days, it comprises 369 males and 258 females.

Five (5) varieties of Sweet potato namely; CRI Bohye, CRI Dadanyie, CRI Apomuden (OFSP), CRI Ogyefo, Sauti, and CRI Ligriete were demonstrated on both the On-Station and On-Farm Trial sites,

The participants were taken through weedicide application, safe handling and use of agro-chemicals, land preparation,  (ridging and mounding), row planting of vines, population density, planting depth of 5 – 8cm into the soil, use of healthy vine cuttings, fertilizer (NPK) and manure application, harvesting techniques and yield assessment.

Success Story

Adoption of improved varieties especially CRI-Apomuden by;

  • Theresa Seminary at Amissano
  • Refugee camp at Egyeikrom
  • Zion prayer camp at Komenda
  • Ayensudo Muslims (Mosque)
  • Farmers within the Municipality
  1. Small-Ruminant Credit-in-Kind Scheme

The second phase of West Africa Agricultural Productivity Programme (WAAPP) has a livestock component which includes rearing of small ruminants. KEEA Municipality is one of the Districts that benefited from the project. The Programme is to run for five (5) years, from 2013 to 2017. The programme was meant specifically to increase the income of farmers, increase the intake of animal protein, increase small ruminant population in the country and to reduce the importation of meat to ensure food security and alleviate poverty among livestock farmers.

The project comprised a credit component and capacity building of beneficiary farmers. Under this programme, Eight (8) livestock farmers in the Municipality have so far benefited from the project. Each farmer was given five (5) sheep/goats i.e. four (4) ewes/does and one (1) ram/buck to rear and these animals would be recovered in two (2) years.

The farmers also benefited from training and demonstrations on good husbandry practices, establishment of pasture/fodder bank and preservation of animal feed resources (silage preparation).

  1. Greenhouse Farming Project

West Africa Agricultural Productivity Programme (WAAPP) in collaboration with the Municipal Department of Agriculture have constructed four (4) greenhouses at Nsagyir for 4 vegetable farmer groups and each of the group consists of ten (10) members. The purpose of the programme is to train vegetable farmers in greenhouse farming. Cultivation in the greenhouse unit will begin in 2017.

  1. e-Extension

The e-extension project which is funded by the World Bank through WAAPP is a platform for promotion of timely information to farmers. The project creates a knowledge management portal where scientific research and a new technology is published and shared and is it integrated with smartphone applications for field information delivery, farm/field monitoring farmers’ identification, farmer farm location and disease/pest epidemic reporting, all with Geographical Position System (GPS) integration.

This guarantees accurate and real time information for effective field support with monitoring and evaluation system for all extension field support services.

  1. Credit-in-Kind Pig Scheme

In line with government policy to promote livestock production locally and also to reduce meat importation, Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA) through the Animal Production Directorate (APD) launched a Credit-in-Kind Pig Scheme in February, 2011. Komenda Edina Eguafo Abrem Municipal was among the Districts that benefitted from the programme. The Municipality received 23 gilts and 5 young boars, which were distributed to 8 small-scale farmers in the first phase. Beneficiaries were given a specific number of animals under an agreement to ensure that the animals were properly housed, fed well and given the required medication with MoFA.

So far thirteen (13) pig farmers have benefited from the scheme.

Activities

  1. Farmer Training

Agricultural Extension Agents (AEAs) working in the operational areas within the Municipality carried out activities on crop and livestock sectors while the Municipal Agric Officers supervised and provided technical backstopping. The AEAs gave advice to farmers on improved crop and livestock technologies; and processing of farm produce (value addition for market competitiveness). The Veterinary Services under the Ministry of Food and Agriculture also carried out some vaccination exercise and prophylaxis in the Municipality.

Below is the number of farmers sensitized from 2014 to 2016:

Sub-Total

Number of beneficiaries in attendance at training sessions

2014

2015

2016

 

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Crop

2,456

1,340

3,796

3,420

2,064

5,484

3,920

2,597

6,517

Livestock

1,214

765

1,979

2,742

1,437

4,179

2,333

1,728

4,061

WIAD

2,147

2,367

4,514

1,532

1,848

3,380

2,122

2,046

4,168

TOTAL

5,817

4,472

10,289

7,694

5,349

13,043

8,375

6,371

14,746

 

  1. Sensitization Activities on HIV/AIDS and Gender

HIV/AIDS and gender issues have become part of the field staff’s daily interaction with farmers and these farmers were reached daily with information on the pandemic.

Topics on which the farmers were educated included the following:

  • Mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS.
  • Protecting oneself from acquiring the disease
  • Sensitization on condom use
  • the dangers of the pandemic on the individual and agriculture in general,
  • faithfulness to each other on the part of the partners
  • Good nutrition to suppress the impact of the disease.
  1. Radio Programme

During the past five years, there has been a revolution in extension delivery, with local FM Stations becoming one of the key tools for transmitting agricultural and market information to farmers and processors. In this regard, the two FM stations in the Municipality; Ahomka FM and Asafo FM granted free air time to the Department, to educate the general public on agricultural activities in the Municipality. The programme is still on-going.

  1. National Farmers’ and Fishermen’s Day Celebration

The Komenda Edina Eguafo Abrem Municipal Agricultural Development Unit had a successful organization and celebration of the Farmers’ and Fishermen’s Day at Ntranoa, Antado and Elmina in 2014, 2015 and 2016 respectively.

Twenty-six (26) farmers, 25 farmers and 24 farmers were awarded for various commodity awards including the Overall Best Farmers in 2014, 2015 and 2016 respectively.

See below for the over best farmers and the year for which they emerged as winners and their communities

Year

Name of Overall Best Farmer

Community

2014

Elder Johon Asamoah

Abreshia

2015

Mrs. Constance Kwansah

Kissi

2016

Mr. Rockson Tegyei Boateng

Abayee


UPCOMING PROJECTS/PROGRAMME/ACTIVITIES

Projects/Programme

  1. Planting for Food and Jobs

The campaign with the slogan “Planting for Food and Jobs” was launched by Dr. Owusu Afriyie Akoto, the Minister for Food and Agriculture (MoFA) in January, 2017. The campaign forms part of efforts to generate more wealth in the agricultural sector and to improve livelihood of farmers as well as help grow the national economy.

The programme would be anchored on five (5) pillars: provision of improved seeds, supply of fertilizers, provision of dedicated extension services, marketing and e-agriculturre.

The KEEA Municipal Department of Agriculture has selected 102 maize farmers and 49 vegetable farmers for the 2017 farming season. These farmers would be supported with subsidized improved seeds, fertilizers and extension services.

  1. WAAPP Greenhouse Programme

West Africa Agricultural Productivity Programme (WAAPP) in collaboration with the Municipal Department of Agriculture have constructed four (4) greenhouses at Nsagyir for 4 vegetable farmer groups and each of the group consists of ten (10) members. The purpose of the programme is to train vegetable farmers in greenhouse farming. Cultivation in the greenhouse unit will begin in this year.

  1. Farmer Training

The technical staff will continue to sensitize all the actors in the agriculture value chain (crop farmers, livestock farmers, agro-processors and marketers) on improved technologies and good husbandry practices. The Veterinary Services under the Ministry of Food and Agriculture will also carried out some vaccination exercise and prophylaxis for both domestic animals and pets in the Municipality.

AREAS FOR INVESTMENT

  • Cassava production and processing
  • Maize production and processing
  • Sweetpotato production and processing
  • Vegetable (production, processing and canning)
  • Fruits – watermelon pineapple and citrus (production, processing and canning)
  • Sugarcane production
  • Oil palm production and processing
  • Green house farming
  • Plant nurseries
  • Cold storage
  • Small ruminants production
  • Dairy industry – production and milk collection and processing
  • Pig production and pork processing
  • Poultry Industry – Broilers, Layers and Cockerels production
  • Non-traditional animal production – grasscutter, rabbits, snails and bees
  • Aquaculture
  • Agricultural mechanization

KEY STAKEHOLDERS/COLLABORATING AGENCIES

  1. USAID / AGRICULTURE POLICY SUPPORT PROJECT
  2. GIZ / MOAP
  3. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (Egyeikrom Refugee Camp)


Mr. Peter Kojo Dick

Municipal Director of Agriculture

A pragmatic individual with multifunctional abilities, self-motivated and able to work under pressure with or no supervision. Educated in Ghana, India and the Netherlands, worked with Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Ghana, for the past 29 years. Worked as subject matter specialist in animal production, training extension agents in animal production technologies; resource person for training of Agricultural Extension staff, Farmer Based Organizations and other organised groups in Environmental Management, climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies. Now a municipal director of Food and Agriculture.

Special interest in Environmental Management and Climate Change Governance.

He holds BSc Agriculture, Masters of Arts (MA), Environmental Management and Policy, Environmental Management and Policies, Post-Graduate Diploma in Agric Administration, Post-Graduate Diploma in Sericulture Technology and Management and Certificate in Climate Change Governance.